This will be our monthly newsletter all about the Cumberland Animal Clinic, pets, helpful tips, news items, whatever we can provide to make it a better and safer world for you and your pets.
Getting to know our staff at Cumberland Animal Clinic:
This months staff member is Shaun!
This months employee spot light is Shaun, who has been with almost 2 years now!
Shaun, Customer Service Representative:
Shaun and her wife moved to Maine from Florida with their 5 dogs and cat in tow. Shaun has been an animal lover since she was a child. Shaun has worked in the animal healthcare field for over 7 years and she has also worked with adults with developmental disabilities as a case manager. Shaun and her wife just bought an 1800 farmhouse and will be planting a vegetable garden and raising hens and goats this summer. Shaun loves hiking, playing video games, reading, watching movies, spending time with family and discussing politics. She loves working at Cumberland Animal Clinic and loves meeting and assisting all of the clients, both human and furry.
If you have not met Shaun yet, come on by and say hi!
The Problem With Fleas:
The world is host to over 2,000 species of flea, and they're a problem almost everywhere. Most common is Ctenocephalides felis, the"cat flea." Despite its name, the cat flea affects both dogs and cats,1 as well as their owners, and wild animals such as raccoon's and skunks.
When a flea jumps onto your pet, it will start feeding within 5 minutes and may suck blood for up to 2 1/2 hours. Female fleas are the most voracious, consuming up to 15 times their own body weight in blood.2 And a single flea can live on your dog or cat for almost 2 months!
Experts in multiplication
Flea infestations can rapidly get out of control. That's because fleas lay eggs in such large numbers. At a rate of 40 to 50 per day for around 50 days, a single female flea can produce 2,000 eggs in her lifetime.Flea larvae burrow deep into fabrics, bedding and carpeting, so thorough,regular vacuuming and cleaning of your pet's bedding (in very hot water) is recommended.
Huge numbers of newly developed adult fleas can then remain dormant inside pupae or cocoons in your home for weeks to months. Only when conditions are right—a combination of heat, carbon dioxide and movement—will they emerge from these cocoons as young and hungry adult fleas, which will infest your pet.1,2
Flea Growth Chart
Facts About Ticks
Ticks are small blood-sucking parasites that are related to spiders.
Anyone who spends time in the great outdoors knows about the threat of disease-carrying ticks to dogs as well as their owners. Ticks are efficient hunters, waiting ("questing") in brush or tall grass for a host to latch onto. And once attached, ticks on dogs or other mammals remain—often unnoticed—for several days, making them excellent carriers for disease. After feeding, an engorged female falls off to lay 3,000-6,000 eggs!
But ticks aren't just out in the wilderness—they can be transported much closer to home by mammals like raccoons or even squirrels.Tick larvae, nymphs or adult ticks can easily end up in residential areas,creating a whole new tick population waiting to be fed in your own garden or neighborhood park.
One tick species, called the Brown Dog Tick, is capable of living and developing inside your house, without ever leaving it.
Did you know?
- A single adult female can consume 0.6 mL of blood or more.
- Severe tick infestations can cause anemia, weight loss, paralysis and even death.
- Some ticks such as the Lone Star Tick (Ambiyomma americanum) found in parts of the United States produce a toxin that can cause paralysis.
- Ticks require an animal host to survive and reproduce. Ticks feed on mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians.
- Ticks, and the disease organisms they carry, including Lyme disease, are found in every state in the United States.
- Ticks often go unnoticed, and once attached on your dog, can feed for up to five days.
We are now offering a new product, Bravecto and here are some facts about this new product:
These FAQs should answer most of your questions, but if there is something more you want to know you can always contact us for more information.
Q. Where can I buy BRAVECTO?
A. BRAVECTO is only available by prescription from your veterinarian or veterinary clinic.
Q. Why is BRAVECTO only available through veterinarians?
A. The veterinarian is the expert on pet health and can advise on the be stand most appropriate treatments for pets. The prescription only status is also a regulatory requirement of the FDA.
Q. How does BRAVECTO kill fleas and ticks?
A. After you give your dog BRAVECTO, it quickly reaches tissue fluids just under your dog's skin. When fleas and ticks feed, they ingest BRAVECTO and die. BRAVECTO starts working within 2 hours. By 12 hours after treatment, fleas and ticks are dead. BRAVECTO kills fleas, prevents flea infestations and kills ticks (black-legged tick, American dog tick and brown dog tick) for 12 weeks. BRAVECTO also kills lone star ticks for 8 weeks.
Q. My dog is taking some medications for another condition as well right now. Is it safe to give her BRAVECTO?
A. It is always best to discuss all of your dog's treatments, whether prescription or over-the-counter supplements, with your veterinarian as they are your pet's health care expert.
Q. Can I give BRAVECTO to my cat?
A. No. BRAVECTO is not approved for use in cats.
Q. How palatable is BRAVECTO?
A. In a US field study where dogs were treated at home, over 93% of dog sate the tablet voluntarily—either by itself or with food.
Q. Is BRAVECTO waterproof? Can my dog swim after I give him BRAVECTO? Can I shampoo my dog? Do I need to bathe my dog before treatment?Does BRAVECTO work differently on long- and short-haired pets? Can I brush my dog after administering BRAVECTO?
A. Bathing, shampooing or swimming should not affect how well BRAVECTO works. Coat length and grooming or brushing also have no impact on how well itworks.
Q. What time of day should I give my dog BRAVECTO?
A. BRAVECTO can be given to your dog any time of the day, however it is recommended that you give your dog BRAVECTO at a mealtime, with food.
Q. How safe is BRAVECTO?
A. BRAVECTO has a wide margin of safety in dogs and puppies 6 months of age or older and weighing 4.4 lbs or greater, including pregnant, lactating,and breeding dogs.
Q. Do BRAVECTO chew-able tablets contain wheat or gluten?
Q. Will BRAVECTO kill ticks and fleas that are already on my dog?
Do you know about Leptospirosis?
What is leptospirosis?
Leptospirosis (lepto for short) is a serious bacterial disease of dogs, multiple animal species, and humans that occurs in countries around the world. In recent years, leptospirosis has become an increasing concern of pet owners and veterinarians in the United States, especially in cities and suburbs. The primary reason is growing populations of wildlife, like raccoons and skunks, which carry disease and infect dogs indirectly. Dogs can get sick even if they never come into direct contact with infected animals.
Lepto has been diagnosed in all types of dogs. All breeds and sizes of dogs are at risk. Lepto can be a very serious disease and can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated early. It generally attacks a dog's liver and kidneys and can lead to organ damage or failure. However, if lepto is caught early, it responds well to antibiotics. Preventative measures, such as vaccinations, are available to pet owners as well.
A bacterial disease
Leptospirosis is caused by the bacterium L. interrogans, part of a group of corkscrew-shaped bacteria called spirochetes.
Leptospira spirochetes are further divided into multiple "subfamilies" called serovars or strains. Around the world, there are more than 200 serovars of lepto. Although there are many serovars, only a few are known to cause disease in dogs. Newer vaccines contain four serovars for protection against today's most common serovars.
Lepto serovars are maintained in nature by "reservoir hosts" that have subclinical infections and shed the organisms for long periods of time. Dogs can be reservoire hosts for the serovar L. canicola. Many academics consider L. canicola the least frequently isolated serovar in dogs. Dogs are "incidental hosts" and generally develop more severe clinical disease for L. grippotyphosa, L. pomona, and L. icterohaemorrhagiae.
Signs in dogs
Some dogs never display any signs of illness. Others may suffer from a lack of energy and show signs of depression. Some may display any or all of the following signs:
- Lack of interest in eating
- Abdominal pain
- Jaundice (yellowish color in the mouth or gums)
- Changes in urination patterns or frequency
A recently published retrospective study5 showed that just over 18% of dogs admitted to a university with renal pathology had undiagnosed leptospirosis. If the disease is not treated, some dogs become very ill and can even die. Lepto kills up to 1 in 5 clinically infected dogs.4 Even if the dog recovers, long-term consequences can include reduced kidney or liver function.
We have the Vaccination here at Cumberland Animal Clinic, call anytime to get your appointment.
Annual vaccination for leptospirosis is an affordable means to help protect your dog from a disease than can be very costly to treat. Ask your veterinarian if they use a vaccine that protects against 4 serovars.
Your veterinarian will determine an appropriate vaccination series, depending on your dog's vaccination history and risk factors. Your dog may require an initial vaccination and a booster a few weeks later. Annual vaccination is needed for continued protection.
Vaccination is extremely important, but in addition, you may want to consider the following steps you can take to prevent leptospirosis:
- Have your dog vaccinated against the 4 serovars of Leptospira
- Wash your hands after direct contact with your pet or its urine.
- Where possible, avoid exercising your dog in wildlife habitat areas.
- Prevent your children from playing in areas used for exercising dogs.
- If you have been around a dog diagnosed with lepto, seek medical information from your veterinarian or medical provider.
Please feel free to submit ideas, questions, anything to SBridges@CumberlandAnimal.com
and we will respond and hopefully add lots to this newsletter every month!